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We are just starting to see man-made submersibles with propulsive fins reminiscent of the pectoral fins in coral reef fishes, turtles, marine birds and mammals e. Madeleine robot turtle [9] — [11] , [38]. By incorporating a lift-based oscillatory fin movement into such technology, dramatic reductions could be achieved in the power needed to propel autonomous underwater vehicles of similar size to the fish and other aquatic animals that use this mechanism [9] , [11] — [13] , [38].

Meta-data for comparative analysis of the energetic swimming performance of reef fishes, scombrid, and non-scombrid fishes. This study was conducted at Jiigurru , traditional sea country of the Dingaal people.


Westneat and an anonymous reviewer for helpful comments, and M. Noble for illustrations. Wrote the paper: CJF. Browse Subject Areas? Click through the PLOS taxonomy to find articles in your field. Abstract Underwater locomotion is challenging due to the high friction and resistance imposed on a body moving through water and energy lost in the wake during undulatory propulsion.

Ana Paula Bertão

Introduction Underwater locomotion is challenging due to the high friction and resistance imposed on a body moving through water and energy lost in the wake during undulatory propulsion [1] — [7]. Results Our study species displayed swimming speeds and energetic profiles at two opposite extremes of the possible performance spectrum for labriform locomotion.

Download: PPT. Figure 1. Rate of oxygen consumption against time in a swimming speed trial. Figure 2. Net cost of swimming for two species of reef fish with alternate pectoral fin shapes,. Figure 3. Comparative energetic swimming performance of bony fishes. Table 1. Discussion Challenging long-held notions about the costs of underwater locomotion [1] — [4] , we find coral reef fishes using labriform locomotion can maintain fast swimming speeds without the elevated cost of transport that has been seen in tunas and other scombrid fishes swimming at such high cruising speeds [5] , [6].

Supporting Information. Table S1. Acknowledgments This study was conducted at Jiigurru , traditional sea country of the Dingaal people.

Fish locomotion

References 1. Schmidt-Nielson K Locomotion: energy cost of swimming, flying, and running. Science — View Article Google Scholar 2. Vogel S Life in moving fluids: the physical biology of flow. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Videler JJ Fish swimming. New York: Chapman and Hall. Alexander RM Models and the scaling of energy costs for locomotion.

J Exp Biol — View Article Google Scholar 5. Videler JJ, Nolet BA Costs of swimming measured at optimum speed: scale effects, differences between swimming styles, taxonomic groups and submerged and surface swimming.

Locomotion, Volume 7 - 1st Edition

Comp Biochem Physiol 97A: 91— View Article Google Scholar 6. Tuna: physiology, ecology and evolution. London: Academic Press. Integr Comp Biol — View Article Google Scholar 8.

Korsmeyer KE, Steffensen JF, Herskin J Energetics of median and paired fin swimming, body and caudal fin swimming, and gait transition in parrotfish Scarus schlegeli and triggerfish Rhinecanthus aculeatus. View Article Google Scholar 9. Fish FE Transitions from drag-based to lift-based propulsion in mammalian swimming. Amer Zool — View Article Google Scholar J Comp Physiol B — Wyneken J Sea turtle locomotion: mechanics, behaviour, and energetics.

The biology of sea turtles. Fulton CJ Swimming speed performance in coral reef fishes: field validations reveal distinct functional groups. Coral Reefs — Fulton CJ The role of swimming in reef fish ecology. Fish locomotion: an eco-ethological perspective. Enfield: Science Publishers. Volume 29 Issue 5. Volume 29 Issue 4. Volume 29 Issue 3. Volume 29 Issue 2. Volume 29 Issue 1. Volume 28 Issue 6. Volume 28 Issue 5. Volume 28 Issue 4. Volume 28 Issue 3. Volume 28 Issue 2. Volume 28 Issue 1. Volume 27 Issue 6. Volume 27 Issue 5. Volume 27 Issue 4. Volume 27 Issue 3. Volume 27 Issue 2. Volume 27 Issue 1. Volume 26 Issue 6. Volume 26 Issue 5. Volume 26 Issue 4. Volume 26 Issue 3. Volume 26 Issue 2.

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George V. Eliot G. Export citation Add to favorites Get permissions Track citations. Abstract Understanding how fishes generate external fluid force to swim steadily and maneuver has proven to be difficult because water does not provide a stable platform for force measurement. Download figure Download PowerPoint. References 1 Cavagna GA. Force platforms as ergometers.

J Appl Physiol 39 : —, Neural Control of Rhythmic Movements in Vertebrates. New York: John Wiley, Google Scholar 3 Dickinson MH.